James Bond in film - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the production background of the James Bond films.
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For synopses, awards, box office information and other statistical data, see List of James Bond films. For the various portrayals of the character, see James Bond filmography. The James Bond film series is a British series of spy films based on the fictional character of MI6 agent James Bond, . It is one of the longest continually- running film series in history, having been in on- going production from 1. In that time Eon Productions has produced 2. Pinewood Studios. With a combined gross of over $7 billion to date, the films produced by Eon constitute the third- highest- grossing film series, behind the Harry Potter and Marvel Cinematic Universe films (accounting for the effects of inflation the Bond films are the highest- grossing series amassing over $1.
Broccoli and Harry Saltzman co- produced most of the Eon films until 1. Broccoli became the sole producer. The single exception during this period was Thunderball, on which Broccoli and Saltzman became executive producers while Kevin Mc. Clory produced. From 1. Broccoli was joined by his stepson Michael G. Wilson as producer until 1.
Albert Broccoli stepped aside from Eon and was replaced by his daughter Barbara, who has co- produced with Wilson since. Broccoli's (and until 1. Saltzman's) family company, Danjaq, has held ownership of the series through Eon, and maintained co- ownership with United Artists since the mid- 1. The Eon series has seen continuity both in the main actors and in the production crews, with directors, writers, composers, production designers, and others employed through a number of films. From the release of Dr. No (1. 96. 2) to For Your Eyes Only (1.
The official website of James Bond 007. Features breaking news on the 24th James Bond movie, SPECTRE, including first looks at images and other exclusive content. Armed with a licence to kill, Secret Agent James Bond sets out on his first mission as 007 and must defeat a weapons dealer in a high stakes game of poker at Casino. As the central figure for his works, Ian Fleming created the fictional character of James Bond, an intelligence officer in the Secret Intelligence Service, commonly.
United Artists. When Metro- Goldwyn- Mayer absorbed United Artists in 1. MGM/UA Entertainment Co. MGM solely distributed three films from 1. United Artists was retired as a mainstream studio. From 2. 00. 6 to present, MGM and Columbia Pictures have co- distributed the film series, following the 2.
MGM by a consortium led by Columbia's parent company, Sony Pictures Entertainment. In November 2. 01. MGM filed for bankruptcy; following its emergence from insolvency, Columbia has been co- production partner of the series with Danjaq until Sony's distribution rights to the franchise comes to the end with the release of Spectre. Feldman; and a 1.
Info on all the James Bond 007 movies from Eon Productions, starting with Dr No (1962) and running all the way through to SPECTRE (2015).
Thunderball entitled Never Say Never Again, produced by Jack Schwartzman, who had obtained the rights to the film from Mc. Clory. Development. It was adapted for the screen by Anthony Ellis and Charles Bennett; Bennett was well known for his collaborations with Alfred Hitchcock, including The 3. Steps and Sabotage. Broccoli and Harry Saltzman (1. In June 1. 96. 1 Fleming sold a six- month option on the film rights to his published and future James Bond novels and short stories to Harry Saltzman, with the exception of Casino Royale, which he had previously sold. Towards the end of Saltzman's option period, screenwriter Wolf Mankowitz introduced him to Broccoli, and Saltzman and Broccoli formed Eon Productions with the intention of making the first Bond film.
A number of Hollywood studios did not want to fund the films, finding them . Eventually the two signed a deal with United Artists for 1. Saltzman and Broccoli also created the company Danjaq, which was to hold the rights to the films which Eon Productions was to produce. Eon had originally hired Wolf Mankowitz and Richard Maibaum to write Dr. No's screenplay, partly because of Mankowitz's help in brokering the deal between Broccoli and Saltzman.
An initial draft of the screenplay was rejected because the scriptwriters had made the villain, Dr. No, a monkey, and Mankowitz left the film. Maibaum then undertook a second version, more closely in line with the novel; Johanna Harwood and Berkely Mather then worked on Maibaum's script, with Harwood in particular being described as a script doctor credited with improving the British characterisations. In the words of Bond writer Raymond Benson, Young educated the actor . And he did it in two minutes.
No, United Artists doubled the budget offered to Eon Productions to $2 million for the company's next film, From Russia with Love. The film was shot in locations in Europe, which had turned out to be the more profitable market for Dr. Most of the crew from the first film returned, with major exceptions being production designer Ken Adam. Strangelove and was replaced by Dr. No's art director Syd Cain.
Two of the writers from Dr. No, Richard Maibaum and Johanna Harwood, were brought in, with Maibaum being given the sole writing credit and Harwood being credited for . Filming took place in Turkey, Pinewood Studios and Venice, with Scotland and Switzerland doubling for the Orient Express journey through Eastern Europe. Goldfinger (1. 96.
Because Terence Young was refused a share of the profits, he declined to direct Goldfinger and worked on The Amorous Adventures of Moll Flanders instead, although he had done some pre- production work before he left. In his place, Eon turned to Guy Hamilton to direct; he was keen to inject elements of humour into the series, have more gadgets and build bigger and more elegant sets. Eon again turned to Richard Maibaum for the script, although Paul Dehn was later introduced for rewrites.
After missing From Russia with Love, Ken Adam returned as production designer. Adam's imagination provided the idea of gold stacked upon gold behind iron bars for the scenes in the United States Bullion Depository. Saltzman disliked the design's resemblance to a prison, but Hamilton liked it enough that it was built. Robert Brownjohn returned to develop the opening credit sequence, which featured clips of all three Bond films projected on actress Margaret Nolan's body. Its design was inspired by seeing light projecting on people's bodies as they got up and left a cinema. After five days in Florida, production moved to England. The primary location was Pinewood Studios, home to sets including a recreation of the Fontainebleau, the South American city of the pre- title sequence, and both Goldfinger's estate and factory.
Ian Fleming visited the set of Goldfinger in April 1. August, shortly before the film's release. Principal photography then moved to Switzerland for the car chase and additional footage for Goldfinger's factory sequence. Although Korda was initially interested, he later withdrew. On 1 October 1. 95. Fleming would write an original film script featuring Bond for producer Kevin Mc.
Clory. Jack Whittingham also worked on the script, culminating in a screenplay entitled James Bond, Secret Agent. However, Alfred Hitchcock and Richard Burton turned down roles as director and star, respectively. Fleming subsequently used the story for his novel Thunderball (1. Mc. Clory failed to have its publication stopped. Mc. Clory gained the literary and film rights for the screenplay, while Fleming was given the rights to the novel, although it had to be recognised as being . They entered into negotiations with Charles K.
Feldman, who held the rights to the latter, but a deal proved too difficult to achieve. Instead, Eon turned to the Thunderball novel. Although Eon had wanted to adapt the book in 1. Mc. Clory received the sole producer credit on the film, while Broccoli and Saltzman took the title Executive Producer, although . Broccoli later said of the three- way partnership that .
We had the feeling that if anyone else came in and made their own Bond film, it would have been bad for our series. I had nothing to contribute until I'd recharged batteries. Richard Maibaum's original script from 1. John Hopkins. Principal filming began in Paris on 1.
February 1. 96. 5, and moved to Nassau on 2. March, before concluding at Pinewood Studios in May. With worldwide box office earnings of $1.
Thunderball became the highest- grossing instalment and retained the record until it was surpassed by The Spy Who Loved Me twelve years later; adjusted for inflation it remained the most successful entry until Skyfall was released in 2. As part of the contract with Eon, Mc. Clory received 2. Thunderball story for a period of ten years following the release of the Eon- produced version in 1. Albert R. Broccoli and Harry Saltzman (1. The first four Bond films had been popular in Japan, and Eon decided to take advantage of the market by producing You Only Live Twice. The film included progressive elements of Japanese culture as part of the background.
Lewis Gilbert was appointed director and Ken Adam returned as production designer; Adam built a volcano hideaway set for the main antagonist, Ernst Stavro Blofeld, at Pinewood for $1 millon ($7,0. Gilbert, Broccoli, Saltzman, Ken Adam and director of photography Freddie Young then went to Japan, spending three weeks searching for locations. While in Tokyo, the crew crossed paths with Peter R. Hunt, who was on holiday. Hunt had edited the first four Bond films, and he was invited to direct the second unit. The total budget for the film was $1.
Initially the screenwriter was to be Harold Jack Bloom, although he was later replaced by Roald Dahl, who had little previous screenwriting experience. You Only Live Twice was the first Bond film to jettison the plot premise of the Fleming source material, although the film retains the title, the Japanese setting, the use of Blofeld as the main villain and a Bond girl named Kissy Suzuki from the novel. Filming commenced at Pinewood on 4 July 1. Japan on 2. 7 July for six weeks' filming. Local Japanese interest in the filming was high, and the crew had to contend with large crowds throughout the process. Connery, however, was somewhat resigned to the project, lacking the enthusiasm he sported for Thunderball.
A press conference on his arrival had been tense, . Primary and secondary photography finished in December; the special effects filming for the space scenes were undertaken between January and March 1. June. The cinema posters for the film stated .